Home > Publications from SELDI and R2G4P

Publications in cooperation with SELDI

ACER is one of the SELDI coalition founding members and contributors in many publications. 

Publications from SELDI

SELDI is an open initiative, constantly aiming to expand and attract CSOs, policy-makers, and other stakeholders, which can contribute to its goals, share experience and
support good governance and anti-corruption measures in Southeast Europe.
ACER is on of the SELDI coalition founding members, so it has contributed in many common publications.

Publications from R2G4P

Some reports and manuals are prepared under the R2G4P initiative, coordinated by the Center for the Study of Democracy, Bulgaria and benefiting from a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA and Norway Grants Fund for Regional Cooperation, where Albanian Center for Economic Research (ACER), is one of the implementing countries.

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SELDI Anticorruption Newsletter

Anti-Corruption Newsletter covers latest events in the Western Balkans, provided by the SELDI members and it gets released every 2 months.

To read all the previous Newsletters released so far, click here.

To read the latest issue #65 you can download it here.

Illicit Financial Flows and Disinformation in SouthEast Europe

This report provides an in-depth assessment of the methods, scope, and goals of media capture tactics and illicit financial operations in eight Balkan states: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia. It reveals the extent to which the web of media interference and dirty money undermines democracy and Euro-Atlantic integration by swaying the domestic political outcomes and foreign policy decisions of countries across Southeast Europe.

 

Rolling Back State Capture in Southeast Europe. Implementing Effective Instruments for Asset Declaration and Politically Exposed Companies

The second SEE Good Governance Report focuses on the big data tools necessary to identify the existence of ill-gained assets hidden by politically exposed persons (PEPs). These tools could help counter state and media capture practices in the region, preventing authoritarian tendencies, including foreign malign influence, from threatening the Euro-Atlantic democratization of Southeast Europe.

Among the R2G4P national contributor are Dr. Zef Preci and Eliona Lloja,
Albanian Center for Economic Research, Albania

Monitoring Anticorruption Policy Implementation (MACPI): Training manual

The current manual is prepared under the R2G4P initiative, coordinated by the Center for the Study of Democracy, Bulgaria and benefiting from a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA and Norway Grants Fund for Regional Cooperation, where  Albanian Center for Economic Research (ACER), is one of the implementing countries. 

Analyzing Public Procurement Risks: Training manual

The current manual is prepared under the R2G4P initiative, coordinated by the Center for the Study of Democracy, Bulgaria and benefiting from a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA and Norway Grants Fund for Regional Cooperation, where  Albanian Center for Economic Research (ACER), is one of the implementing countries. 

The main purpose of the manual is to introduce how data analytics can encourage good governance practices by highlighting the weaknesses of public procurement systems and by supporting independent corruption risk research.

State Capture Assessment Diagnostics at Sectoral Level: Training manual

State capture is a combination of different forms of corruption which have a single objective: to secure wholesale and long-term privileges to captors by exploiting the power of governments for private benefit.

Geopolitics, State Capture and Peak Corruption. What is Next for Anticorruption in the Western Balkans?

SELDI

The study report is prepared by SELDI coalition founding members, and where ACER has contributed to this publication.

Public Procurement Integrity in Southeast Europe: Mechanisms, Red Flags, and State-Owned Enterprises in the Energy Sector

The report focused on two of the most challenging governance vulnerabilities in the SEE region: analyzing the integrity of the public procurement systems and the management of the energy sector in nine countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia).

Western Balkans 2020: State-Capture Risks and Policy Reforms

SELDI

This Regional Anticorruption Report 2020 presents the innovative State Capture Assessment Diagnostics of the Western
Balkans and the regular Corruption and Hidden Economy Monitoring System results for the region. The report proposes
relevant recommendations for taking the EU enlargement process further, in particular as it relates to rule of law and
anticorruption.

Albanian Center for Economic Research (ACER), is one of the contributors to this publication. 

Sustainable Policy Impact through State-of-the-Art Research and Advocacy

SELDI

The report examines the key drivers of the hidden economy and its impact on the overall economy in SEE, and in particular the employment, social and fiscal sectors. The authors focus on the links between hidden economy and corruption, especially the administrative corruption, related to VAT drain, tax payment evasion, social security payment evasion, and “speeding up” business related services. They  propose new approaches for measuring and analysing the phenomena, as well as preventive and counter-measures.

Among expert team from Albanian Center for Economic Research, Albania

  • Dr. Zef Preçi, Executive Director
  • Eugena Topi, Research Coordinator.

Corruption and Anticorruption Monitoring Instruments in Southeast Europe, II (2013)

SELDI

The Background Document has been elaborated in the framework of the SELDI initiative
(www.seldi.net), and includes contributions from all it members, including Center for Economic Research, ACER.  

The purpose of the Background Document brief is to:
-summarise key information on the available monitoring instruments in the countries of SEE,which will aid the forthcoming analysis of corruption trends in each country and the elaboration of the national Corruption Assessment Reports.
– Focus on the corruption and anticorruption monitoring instruments and availability of public data in the countries of SEE.
-Present the main findings of 1-2 most recent prominent national reports and provide some statistical data as examples.
-Serve as background material for discussion at the forthcoming events.

Major Corruption Challenges in Southeast Europe, I, 2013

SELDI

In this document the Network`s partners, including Albanian Center for Economic Research,  (ACER),  analysed the current regional environment and the state of corruption in each of their respective countries. The result is a general overview of common, as well as country-specific anti-corruption challenges in the SEE region.

Corruption is continuously ranked among the major challenges faced by the SEE countries. Despite the positive efforts of establishing the regulatory and institutional base for countering corruption, including the establishment of specialised anti-corruption agencies, which are being introduced in the majority of the countries in the region, significant problems persist, especially with regard to the practical implementation of the existing legal framework and institutional enforcement. Though it is hard to generalize in the context of the different national historical and institutional environments in the South-East European countries, several underlying issues seem to characterize the major corruption challenges in the region. Political pressure continues to influence the institutional environment, which is especially problematic with regard to the work of the judicial system and the national anti-corruption agencies. In addition, the latter often lack the necessary institutional capacity. The combination of lack of political will to pursue corruption and limited institutional independence and capacity, often results in the slow implementation of anti-corruption policies. Another related outcome is high-level political corruption, the investigation of which is often hindered by wide-reaching immunity legislation.

Corruption Assessment Report Albania, 2014

SELDI

The Corruption Assessment Report 2014 assesses the progress of anti-corruption in Albania by exploring the relationship between government anti-corruption policies, the institutional setup of governance and the levels of corruption victimization of the population. The motivation behind such approach is that the governance institutional design determines the legitimate rules for all society sectors. Corruption is a violation of these rules which aims the private benefit and is often described as particularistic governance favouring private interests. It occurs when established rules are dysfunctional or when public officials deliberately violate institutional norms, laws, etc. in order to benefit and/ or ensure privileges for others.

This report was prepared by ACER under guidance from the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD, Sofia – Bulgaria) within the framework of SELDI network.

Research coordination and report preparation were made from:
Zef Preci (ACER)
Jonida Narazani (ACER)
Ami Narazani (ACER)
Brunilda Kosta (ACER)
Alba Cela (House of Europe)

Anti-Corruption Reloaded: Assessment of Southeast Europe

SELDI

This report provides a civil society view of the state of corruption and anti-corruption in South East Europe. It has been prepared by SELDI Secretariat after extensive consultations with SELDI partners, and it is based on nine national Corruption Assessment Reports. The report also reflects the findings of the Corruption Monitoring System in the SELDI countries.

ACER as one of the SELDI coalition members is also one the contributors to this publication.

Corruption Assessment Report Albania 2016

SELDI

Albanian Center for Economic Research, undertook in the beginning of 2016 a national survey with 1,000 respondents across Albania, which tracked citizens experience with corruption pressure and involvement, and their perceptions of the level of corruption and anticorruption efforts. The Corruption Monitoring System results for Albanina 2016 indicate that almost one in two Albanian adult citizens admit to being demanded directly or indirectly to bribe public officials (49.6 %). This shows increase of the corruption pressure from public officials on citizens compared to 2014 of around 5 percentage points. The groups citizens perceive as the most corrupt are judges, customs officials, public officials, political parties and political leaders. The top negative rank for judges mirrors reality. The judiciary system in Albania suffers from a number of problems from the way it is organized, to the status of the judges, and to the lack of European standards in its functioning.

Some of the main recommendations related to institutional anti-corruption measures and policies, listed in the Corruption Assessment Report Albania 2016, are:

  • Develop a proactive approach towards improved practices in the fight against corruption through in-time implementation of specific anti-corruption regulatory and institutional measures;
  • Strengthen institutional accountability through internal and external monitoring systems and good governance transparency principles implementation;
  • Develop an inclusive cooperation within institutional bodies and among governmental and nongovernmental structures and ensure openness for the voice of the “third sector” to be heard.

Energy Governance Fact Sheet: Albania, 2015

SELDI

The fact sheets present summarized information on key energy sector governance challenges, state of electricity sector liberalisation, financial ratios of leading energy  companies and progress of energy acquis implementation. The data is based on the SELDI Regional Energy Governance and State Capture Assessment Report (2016), the European Energy Community Progress Report (2015) and the Progress Report on the Implementation of the Energy Acquis of the European Energy Community  (2015). The SELDI Regional Energy Governance and State Capture Assessment Report, as well as the current fact sheets, aims at providing the first detailed comparative assessment of national energy governance deficits and state capture risks in the Western Balkans and Turkey. The most recent policy literature on governance tries to define this concept in a more grounded and measureable manner by referring to social allocation outcomes. In other words, whether the norm in the distribution of public resources is impartial and universal or if it tends to skew towards private, particularistic interests. The authors note that anticorruption policies in any sector have to be viewed as part of the larger governance context whereby the aims should be to reduce the opportunities and resources – such as discretionary power and material resources – for corrupt behaviour to occur and increase legal, as well as normative deterrents.

Shadow Power: Assessment of Corruption and Hidden Economy in Southeast Europe, 2016

SELDI

The report, prepared by the Southeast European Leadership for Development and Integrity (SELDI) – the largest indigenous good governance initiative in SEE – makes an important contribution to the regional approach to anticorruption. It provides a civil society view of the state of corruption and comes in the wake of the 2014 SELDI comprehensive assessment of the various aspects of the legal and institutional anticorruption environments of nine SEE countries. In 2016, SELDI followed up on these assessments with an update of corruption monitoring and a special focus on state capture in the energy sector and the corruption–hidden economy nexus.

The report underscores the need for broader political action for reform, which seems blocked or narrowing across the region. Inside pressure for such action has been suffocated by economic necessity and/or ethnic divisions, and the ossification of political and economic establishments. Outside pressure, delivered mostly by the European Union, has been seen as wanting in relation to the size of the problems in the past couple of years due to a succession of
internal and external crises.

 

Hidden Economy and Good Governance in Southeast Europe Regional Assessment Report

SELDI

The report examines the key drivers of the hidden economy and its impact on the overall economy in SEE, and in particular the employment, social and fiscal sectors. The authors focus on the links between hidden economy and corruption, especially the administrative corruption, related to VAT drain, tax payment evasion, social security payment evasion, and “speeding up” business related services. They  propose new approaches for measuring and analysing the phenomena, as well as preventive and counter-measures.

Among expert team from Albanian Center for Economic Research, Albania

  • Dr. Zef Preçi, Executive Director
  • Eugena Topi, Research Coordinator.

Sustainable Policy Impact through State-of-the-Art Research and Advocacy

SELDI

The report examines the key drivers of the hidden economy and its impact on the overall economy in SEE, and in particular the employment, social and fiscal sectors. The authors focus on the links between hidden economy and corruption, especially the administrative corruption, related to VAT drain, tax payment evasion, social security payment evasion, and “speeding up” business related services. They  propose new approaches for measuring and analysing the phenomena, as well as preventive and counter-measures.

Among expert team from Albanian Center for Economic Research, Albania

  • Dr. Zef Preçi, Executive Director
  • Eugena Topi, Research Coordinator.

Anti-Corruption in Southeast Europe: First Steps and Policies

SELDI

The main goal of the Report is to sensitize politicians and civil society to the specific set of sources of corruption in the region.

The first part analyzes the origins of cross border corruption in the region which is seen as a result of the rise of transnational crime caused by the violent break-up of former Yugoslavia. It intends to show that regional factors significantly contribute to national-level corruption and could undermine national anti-corruption efforts.

In the second part, the report evaluates the national circumstances in which the regional factors develop. It compares the national legislation and institutional practice in a number of areas critical to anti-corruption efforts: regulatory and legal framework, institutional prerequisites, corruption in the economy, the role of civil society and media and international cooperation. The second part is ultimately a collection of contributions from watchdog organizations in the countries in Southeast Europe. In fact, the nature of regional concerns about corruption is evident in the limitations of this report – namely that the level of institutional development, policy implementation practice and international affiliations of the countries in SEE are varying to such a degree that only a “bird’s eye view” could reveal the source of common problem. This was very much in line with the USAID approach that there is a strong conceptual distinction between law enforcement approaches to corruption, which try to strengthen crime-fighting efforts, and a more holistic approach that addresses poor governance systems more broadly.

SELDI Strategy and Action Agenda for Good Governance and Anticorruption in Southeast Europe

SELDI

Corruption is one of the most pressing issues in Southeast Europe, because of its detrimental impact on the social and economic development, especially during times of economic crisis. At the same time the capacity of the civil society organizations to monitor this phenomenon, propose and implement policy change remains low.

To address this issue, in November 2012, 17 civil society organizations from Southeast Europe, including ACER,   formed a coalition aimed to contribute to a dynamic civil society in the region, capable of participating in public debate and influencing policy and decision-making process in the area of anti-corruption and good governance.